2 postdoctoral full time positions in Geometric Modeling, Computing/ Mathematics and in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History

The “Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Information et des Systèmes” and the “Histoire et archéologie de la Méditerranée et de l’Afrique du Nord” in France would  like  to  recruit  two  Postdoctoral  Researchers  (one  in  Geometric Modeling,  Computing  & Mathematics and one in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History) to join research on the development of innovative methodologies for the semantic interpretation of digitized forms of heritage artefacts, their classification and analysis. Obviously, even if clearly distinct in their academic profile and planned work, these two post-doctoral  fellows will interact throughout the duration of the project. By combining, evaluating and comparing the languages of the archaeologist, the mathematician, the chemist and the architect, the aim is the definition of a new common language to these four disciplines, with an epistemological perspective and heritage shared – the 3D virtual restitution of major world heritage monuments, including their surface treatment (plating, colors). To this end, the project is focused on the study of two ancient monuments selected for their historical importance, the quality of available remains to study and the scientific and economic issues they raise: the Tholos in Delphi (Greece); the Attis Temple in Zama Regia (Tunisia).

Postdoctoral position 1 (f/m) in Geometric Modeling, Computing & Mathematics

Institute: Laboratoire LSIS (Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Information et des Systèmes,  UMR 7296 – CNRS/ AMU / http://www.lsis.org ), Marseille, France.

Supervisor: Pr. Marc Daniel ( marc.daniel[at]univ-amu.fr )

In  collaboration  with  the  Laboratoire  MAP  (Livio de  Luca,  Dr.  CNRS,  Modèles  et  simulations  pour l’Architecture et le Patrimoine, UMR 3495 – CNRS/MCC / http://www.map.archi.fr ), Marseille, France.

Partner: Centre Camille Jullian (Histoire et archéologie de la Méditerranée et de l’Afrique du Nord, de la protohistoire à la fin de l’Antiquité, UMR 7299 – AMU/CNRS/MCC), Aix-en-Provence, France.

The LSIS laboratory currently oers a Postdoctoral position (f/m) for a researcher specialized in Geometric Modeling, Computing & Mathematics. This postdoctoral  position is located in LSIS, a National Scientific Research Center located in Marseille within the G-Mod team ( http://www.lsis.org/gmod ).

Your profile: Under the responsibility of LSIS and in collaboration with the MAP, you will address the problem of digitizing sculpture, the search for relevant shape analysis descriptors and the automatic extraction of relevant semantic features from the calculation of these descriptors. You will have good skills in mathematics and computing and more specifically in geometric modeling. Being open in multi-disciplinarily work dealing with cultural heritage and documentation will be highly appreciated.

Please submit your enquiries and application to Pr. Marc Daniel ( marc.daniel[at]univ-amu.fr ), with copy to Pr. Philippe Jockey ( philippe.jockey[at]univ-amu.fr ) and Dr. Livio de Luca ( livio.deluca[at]map.cnrs.fr ).

Postdoctoral position 2 (f/m) in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History

Institute: Centre Camille Jullian (Histoire et archéologie de la Méditerranée et de l’Afrique du Nord, de la protohistoire à la fin de l’Antiquité, CCJ, UMR 7299, AMU/CNRS/MCC), Aix-en-Provence, France / http:// ccj.cnrs.fr ).

Supervisor: Pr. Philippe Jockey, philippe.jockey[at]univ-amu.fr.

In collaboration with the Laboratoire MAP (Livio de Luca, Dr. CNRS, Modèles et simulations pour l’Architecture et le Patrimoine, UMR 3495 – CNRS/MCC 3495), Marseille, France.

Partner: Laboratoire LSIS (Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Information et des Systèmes, UMR 7296 – CNRS/ AMU), Marseille, France.

The Centre Camille Jullian currently oers a Postdoctoral position (f/m) for a researcher specialized in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History (CAAH), coupled  with 3D Digital heritage competence.  This postdoctoral  position is located in the Centre Camille Jullian, a National Scientific Research Center located in Aix-en-Provence and dedicated to the study of Mediterranean and North Africa Antiquity.

Your profile: The ideal postdoc candidate, specialized in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History (CAAH) and showing a particular interest in Ancient Greek and Roman polychromy, especially on sculpture and architecture, should  have also a high sensitivity  to  digital  technologies  and  possibly  skills in these latter  areas. Basic knowledge of them is advantageous. He / her will contribute both to the elaboration of a common scientific language between the different partners and to the 3D digital restitution of the monuments selected, including  their original polychromy.

Offer for both 2 postdoctoral full time positions

Submission deadline: November 15th 2014

Starting date: The project Eloquenzior has been funded and it is possible to recruit quickly the postdoctoral assuming the overhead due to the administration procedures.


            Postdoc 1: Marseille, Luminy, France.

Postdoc 2: Aix-en-Provence, France.

Duration: each contract  will be signed for one year, but with the possibility to extend it another year in continuity.

Salary: the net salary is monthly 1960 € for a postdoctoral having a professional experience less than 3 years. It might be higher otherwise and the second year in case of a longer contract. The salary will be also higher the second year in case of an extended contract.

Language: Good communication skills in English are a requirement. Candidates from outside France are highly encouraged to apply.


•   a detailed CV with a list of publications;

•   a certified copy of the PhD diploma. A certified translation of the PhD diploma could be required depending of the country where it was obtained;

•   a motivation letter.

Names (and contacts) of referees who, upon request, can provide recommendation letters are welcome.

Eloquenzior in brief

The Project Eloquenzior, supported and funded by the University of Aix-Marseille Foundation AMIDEX aims at  promoting  an  interdisciplinary thinking,  insofar  extracting  and  analyzing  the  information  contained  in digitized forms can let emerge new analysis mechanisms of heritage artefacts from the exploration of new methods  of  measuring  geometric  properties,  and  then  translating  these  properties  into  morphological « signatures ». Furthermore, detailed analysis of the forms can afford to go up to the analysis of how they have been produced, and thus classify them according to the different schools, which have made them. It could also help  to  enable  the  recognition  of  many  unidentified  fragments,  which  could  be  matched  through  their morphological and technological signatures. Moreover, the physico-chemical markers highlighted during the conducted analysis on the material studied, both in Delphi and Zama, Tunisia, will be added.

Indeed, in order to constrain, at least initially, the boundaries of this study, observations and descriptions whose interpretation  can benefit from  a significant  accumulation  of theories (controlled vocabulary), the team will conduct experiments on two historical forefront objects, rich in information, with a strong symbolic heritage and particularly appropriate for virtual 3D reconstructions, outstanding for scientists as to the general public.

The Tholos in Delphi (Greece)

Emblematic icon of the classical language of architecture, the building, rotunda Doric dated years 380-370 BC. AD, is located on the terrace of Athena Pronaia in Delphi. Its outer order, climbed from three columns in 1938, has a well-preserved elevation. Due to its state of conservation and considering the possibility of a joint study of its architectural and artistic forms, analyzing the Tholos is particularly relevant. On the patrimonial point of view, Eloquenzior will  provide  the  Greek and  international  community  a  complete  virtual  3D  restitution  of  the monument and its carved decoration, today broken into hundreds of fragments whose shape analysis shapes achieved in this project will match and merge.

The Attis temple in Zama Regia (Tunisia)

At only a few tens of km away from Tunis, discovered in the 2000s by a team led by Ahmed Ferjaoui (National Heritage Institute  of  Tunis), the ancient temple of  Attis  in Zama Regia is still unreleased but  about  to  be published by A. Ferjaoui. Dedicated to god Attis, it offers its exceptional remains of its architecture and gilded and polychrome sculptures dedicated to the god in its sanctuary. The latter – also novel – retain the vestiges with an exceptional state of preservation of their initial surface treatment and appearance (gilding, assorted colors), offering  to  measurement  and  3D  digital  recording  an  almost  unique  stratigraphy  for  the  antique  marble sculpture. 3D modeling of surface treatments sculptures Zama, which offers a wide stratigraphy of only a few microns, is a challenge in itself. It is one of the major objectives of the project “Eloquenzior”. Partnership with the Laboratory of Molecular and Structural Archaeology (UMR 8220, dir. Dr. CNRS Philippe Walter) is a very important asset for obtaining relevant results.

For further information do not hesitate to contact :

Pr. Marc Daniel ( marc.daniel[at]univ-amu.fr ), Pr. Philippe Jockey ( philippe.jockey[at]univ-amu.fr ), Dr. Livio de Luca ( livio.deluca[at]map.cnrs.fr ).

INSPIRE-Konferenz innerhalb der INTERGEO-Fachmesse vom 7.-9. Oktober 2014 in Berlin

Die diesjährige INSPIRE Konferenz wurde im Rahmen der Fachmesse INTERGEO[1] am 7.10.2014 in Berlin durchgeführt. Sie war unter Federführung des Bundesinnenministeriums und des Bundesumweltministeriums organisiert worden und richtete sich besonders an Entscheidungsträger der Landesverwaltungen, die zahlreich im Publikum vertreten waren. Es zeigte sich, dass Geoinformationen zunehmend in gesellschaftlich relevanten Bereichen, wie E-Government, digitale Verwaltung, Sicherheit und Katastrophenschutz, aber auch in der universitären Forschung in den letzten Jahren Einzug gehalten haben. Bundesumweltministerin Dr. Barbara Hendricks positionierte sich in ihrer Keynote deutlich für Open Data. So sei es eine klare Leitlinie der Bundesregierung, „öffentlich erhobene Daten in die Wertschöpfungskette zu geben“. Und „Bürger dürfen nicht zweimal für dasselbe bezahlen“, so die Bundesministerin.

Die INSPIRE-Richtlinien[2] der EU dienen der Entwicklung einer digitalen “Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe“, die der Allgemeinheit frei zugänglich sein solle. Seit 2007 wird diese Richtlinie in den Bundesländern Deutschlands verschieden intensiv umgesetzt. Es bestehen aber in der Praxis immer noch zahlreiche Probleme in der Angleichung an internationale Datenstandards, wie beispielsweise bei noch immer unterschiedlich gebräuchlichen Koordinatensystemen oder nicht einheitlichen thematischen Kartenwerken (topografischen Karten oder Bodenkarten etc.), die so keine überregionalen Kartenanalysen erlauben. Besonders deutlich wurde die teils schwierige Bundesländer übergreifende Zusammenarbeit der Behörden aufgezeigt, da die Budgets der jeweiligen Behörden streng genommen nur für das jeweilige Bundesland ausgegeben werden dürfen und nicht in „fremde Infrastrukturen“ investiert werden dürfen. Dieses föderale Problem der einzelnen, weitgehend unabhängigen Bundesländer-Behörden besteht nicht in allen Ländern gleichermaßen stark. Im Land Berlin konnten bis jetzt fast alle Geodaten nach der INSPIRE-Richtlinie der Allgemeinheit zur Verfügung gestellt werden – wenn auch nicht ausnahmslos kostenfrei. Einige hochspezifische Daten, wie hochauflösende Laserscandaten, unterliegen weiterhin einer Gebührenpflicht. Weniger hochauflösende Laserscandaten können dahingegen kostenfrei bezogen werden. Dieses Geschäftsmodell steht somit nicht im Widerspruch mit der INSPIRE-Richtlinie, da an sich die Grund-Geodaten frei verfügbar sind. „Premiumdienste“ gehen jedoch mit einem erhöhten Arbeitsaufwand der Behörde einher und sind somit auch gebührenpflichtig. Ein weiterer bisher fraglicher Punkt ist die Datenpflege der kostenfreien Dienste durch die Landesbehörden. Hier ist nicht geregelt, wer den Mehraufwand der Landesdienste, wie z.B. die Pflege (der Updates etc.) und Bestandserhaltung vom WMS (World Map Service) Diensten, finanziert. Hier ist die Politik gefragt, um nachhaltige Lösungen zu schaffen, die auch in Personalstellen in den Fachbehörden ihren Niederschlag finden müssen.

LiDAR based semi-automatic pattern recognition within an archaeological landscape

A PhD-project in association with Dr. Armin Volkmann (Junior Research Group Digital Humanities and Digital Cultural Heritage at the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing and Cluster of Excellence Asia & Europe in Global Context), Prof. Dr. Alexander Zipf and Jun.-Prof. Bernhard Höfle (Geoinformatics), Prof. Dr. Diamantis Panagiotopoulos (Institute of Archaeology), and funded by the HGS MathComp Graduate School at Heidelberg University. In further collaboration with Bayerisches Landesamt für Vermessung (BLV) und Denkmalpflege (BLD), and Karlsruhe Institut für Technologie (KIT).

The project is focused on adapting and creating semi-automatic procedures for handling and processing LiDAR data within cultural heritage monument detection and large scale cultural heritage management. Particular emphasis is on the implementation of pattern recognition algorithms for semi-automatic detection within 3D, 2½D, and 2D LiDAR derived data.

The utilization of LiDAR provides several novel approaches for locating and monitoring cultural heritage, especially in areas of logistical complications, e.g. forest, rough terrain, and remote areas (cf. figure 1 & 2). In order to cope with the huge amount of generated 3D LiDAR point clouds, systematic and semi-automated procedures needs to be defined to control and handle these accumulated amounts of otherwise unrestrained information.

In doing so, the effort of this project will be focused on pattern recognition algorithms to define quantitative methods of handling and processing 3D LiDAR data and subsequent 2D raster by implementing standardised and state of the art systematic and semi-automated approaches for cultural heritage detection and management.

Further, a research data gateway will be created within a WebGIS for extended parameterization of 2D and 3D LiDAR data with added databases of archaeological site information.

Figure 1.  Multiple layers on reality. Combining laser scanning for optimal scaling possibilities together with other sources, often reveal new features yet unknown. Figure 1 displays airborne and terrestrial laser scanning combined with street map at the Königstuhl, Heidelberg. New features detected; a house, two cellar structures, and several pathway and terrace systems dating back to the 16th and 17th century. Source: ALS Landesamt für Geoinformation und Landentwicklung Baden-Württemberg. TLS: Höfle, Pfeiffer and Raun. Map: OpenStreetMap.

Figure 1.
Multiple layers on reality. Combining laser scanning for optimal scaling possibilities together with other sources, often reveal new features yet unknown. Figure 1 displays airborne and terrestrial laser scanning combined with street map at the Königstuhl, Heidelberg. New features detected; a house, two cellar structures, and several pathway and terrace systems dating back to the 16th and 17th century. Source: ALS Landesamt für Geoinformation und Landentwicklung Baden-Württemberg. TLS: Höfle, Pfeiffer and Raun. Map: OpenStreetMap.

Figure 2. Revealing landscape. Underneath the underwood on Reussenberg near Karsbach, several new details arise in the interpolated landscape around the 13th century Reussenburg ruin. Source: ALS and historical maps: Bayerisches Landesamt für Vermessung.

Figure 2.
Revealing landscape. Underneath the underwood on Reussenberg near Karsbach, several new details arise in the interpolated landscape around the 13th century Reussenburg ruin. Source: ALS and historical maps: Bayerisches Landesamt für Vermessung.



Full Time Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher Positions in the fields of Geometrically enriched computer vision algorithms for 3D/4D reconstruction

Initial Training Network on Digital Heritage

Call for a full time fellowship

Applications are invited from candidates who possess the necessary qualifications in order to fill one (1) full time Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher (ESR) Fellow Position within the Department of Electrical Engineering – ESAT – PSI, Processing Speech and Images Laboratory, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) in Belgium in the fields of computer vision in Cultural Heritage. The selected Marie Curie ESR will work for 24 months within the ITN-Digital Cultural Heritage (ITN-DCH: www.itn-dch.eu ) Marie Curie ITN Programme which, is the only EU funded programme bringing together fourteen (14) leading European Institutions as full partners and nine (9) other as associated partners in a transnational network, aiming at implementing a multidisciplinary and intersectorial research and training programme between the academic and the industrial partners. In order to allow the candidate to complete a PhD thesis, the ESAT-PSI group will extend the duration of the contract up to 4 years, if the candidate shows enough progress.


Cultural Heritage (CH) is an integral element of Europe and vital for the creation of a common European identity and one of the greatest assets for steering Europe’s social, economic development and job creation. However, the current research training activities in Cultural Heritage are fragmented and mostly design to be of a single-discipline, failing to cover the whole lifecycle of Digital Cultural Heritage (DCH) research, which is by nature a multi- disciplinary and intersectorial research agenda. ITN-DCH aims for the first time worldwide that top universities, research centers, industries and CH stakeholders, end-users and standardized bodies will collaborate to train the next generation of researchers in DCH. The project aims to analyze, design, research, develop and validate an innovative multi-disciplinary and intersectorial research training framework that covers the whole lifecycle of digital CH research for a cost–effective preservation, documentation, protection and presentation of CH. ITN-DCH targets innovations that covers all aspects of CH ranging from tangible (books, newspapers, images, drawings, manuscripts, uniforms, maps, artifacts, archaeological sites, monuments) to intangible content (e.g., music, performing arts, folklore, theatrical performances) and their inter-relationships. The project aims to boost the added value of CH assets by re-using them in real application environments (protection of CH, education, tourism industry, advertising, fashion, films, music, publishing, video games and TV) through research on (i) new personalized, interactive, mixed and augmented reality enabled e-services, (ii) new recommendations in data acquisition, (iii) new forms of representations (3D/4D) of both tangible /intangible assets and (iv) interoperable metadata forms that allow easy data exchange and archiving. One ESR will be recruited by the host organization at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium at the Department of Electrical Engineering ESAT, Lab. for the Processing Speech and Images PSI, Research Team on VISion for Industry, Communcations, and Services VISICS.

Position ESR5:

One ESR to be recruited by the host organization of the Department of Electrical Engineering – ESAT at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) in Belgium for the duration of 24 months under full employment contract. The selected candidate’s contract will be extended up to a full PhD duration (4 years) when desired and if performing well.

The fellow will perform research along the following lines:

As a result of the 3D documentation of CH objects or scenes, the resulting 3D scans tend to be incomplete, i.e. they contain holes. This happens with different types of scanning devices, be it on the basis of structured light, Lidar, or image-based structure-from-motion. There are graphics techniques to fill up such holes, but better results can probably be achieved in case one is aware of the type of object that has been scanned. The theme of this research training is to exploit visual object class recognition for shape completion. A strongly related topic is to consider a series of 3D models for similar objects (e.g. all horse statues) and to jointly combine such information in order to ensure the completeness of each individual model. The methodology/algorithms will take into account the appearance of traditional (historic) materials (such as wood, clay products, stone and mineral plasters), as well as the visible traces of ageing due to impact from the environment.

The ESR is expected to present his/her research results on project meetings, international conferences and in scientific publications and to contribute to patents applications.

Research Fields

Computer Science, Computer Vision, Computer Graphics,

Digital Libraries, Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies

Geodetic Engineering – Photogrammetry supporting Cultural Heritage documentation

Architecture – Programming in the field of Database Management Systems of Cultural Heritage (CH-BIM Systems)

Career Stage


Applicants are requested to submit the following:

1.           Detailed Curriculum Vitae with all the certified copies of their awards translated in English.

2.           Motivation Letter

3.           Official transcripts of grades from all academic institutions of higher education listed in his/her application, certified copies of degrees, or/and certifications of fulfillment of the required obligations for entering a graduate PhD programme

4.           Official certified copies of titles and documents in English

5.           Names of three referees who, upon request, can provide recommendation letters

6.           Copies of any related research papers or other significant work by the applicant

Applications must be submitted in a closed express courier envelope marked as “Application for Marie Curie ITN-DCH Research Fellow Position” – Prof. Luc Van Gool, ESAT – PSI, Processing Speech and Images Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) , B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. Otherwise it must be sent via regular registered post with a clearly visible post office stamp of a date not later than 3rd of August 2014, 24:00 that is the deadline for the submission of the applications.

Applicants are also requested to send their applications electronically to these email addresses  luc.vangool[at]esat.kuleuven.be . and marinos.ioannides[at]cut.ac.cy  before the deadline of 3rd of August 2014, 24:00, however, please note that the electronic submission alone will not be considered as a formal application unless the printed application is received as requested in the previous paragraph.

For enquiries: luc.vangool[at]esat.kuleuven.be

Start of the fellowship: 1st of September 2014

Comment/web site for additional job details

The Applicant should have:

•             Master of Science Degree from a recognized university in Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, or Physics.

•             Excellent knowledge of the English language at a proficiency level (spoken and written) is required.

•             Capacity to program their own algorithms (C++, Matlab as most important tools).


–             The ESR candidate, at the time of recruitment, must not have resided (or carried out his/her main activity e.g. work, studies, etc.) in Belgium (host country), for more than 12 months in the last 3 years immediately prior to the reference recruitment date!

Doctoral Scholarship “Feature Extraction from High Resolution Spatial Data Sets” in the domain of forensic sciences related to archaeology, palaeography and geography

The Junior Research Group “Forensic Computational Geometry Laboratory” (FCGL) at the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (IWR) in cooperation with the
Heidelberg Graduate School for Mathematical and Computational Methods in the
Sciences (HGS MathComp) offers one doctoral scholarship to improve the
understanding of complex material, cultural and social topics by analyzing tangible
objects. This vision is aligned with institutional strategy of the Heidelberg University in the framework of the 2nd German Excellency Initiative.
As the FCGL bridges the Computational Science with the Forensic Sciences its main task
is the collaborative development of new methods to gather and examine information of the
past. This is performed on objects of different size from coins and ceramics to landscapes altered by ancient civilizations. The core tool of the FCGL is the GigaMesh software framework consisting of a modular extensible mesh processing pipeline to achieve the examination on high resolution measurement data provided by different types of 3D-scanners and exploration of contained information.

Full text and contact:



New Junior Research Group “Digital Humanities and Digital Cultural Heritage” at Cluster of Excellence “Asia and Europe in a Global Context”, University of Heidelberg

The aim of the JRG Digital Humanities is the establishment of knowledge for digital methods and standards in the humanities and the arts. The spectrum of the young discipline of digital humanities ranges from the corpus linguistics through computer philology to applied computer sciences. The JRG thus complements the ongoing projects of the Heidelberg Research Architecture (HRA) in the field of digital cultural heritage, which involve issues revolving around the standardization of workflows and the digitization and treatment of heterogeneous data sets (text, sound, images, and data). In addition, the JRG supports the HRA with the conceptual development of the teaching of innovative methods of digital humanities at Heidelberg University and are planning to jointly organize workshops, training sessions, and seminars at different levels of knowledge for specific target groups.

Within the framework of this research group we examines discourses linked to new possibilities in the use of digital methods in archeology and evaluates opportunities and risks associated with big research datasets. This will results in standardized workflows for further archaeological investigations. We are also part of a team which works with GIS and LIDAR laser scanning data (2D and 3D modelling) in cooperation with a network of various research institutions within a digital research infrastructure. Furthermore, we  are developing VREs (virtual research environments) for specific workflows such as the digitization of sub-projects in the humanities and arts.


2 Doctoral Scholarships in “Archaeological Information Systems” and “GIScience/Geoinformatics”

The Junior Research Group “Digital Humanities/Digital Cultural heritage” of the Cluster of Excellence “Asia and Europe in a Global Context,” in cooperation with the “Heidelberg Graduate School for Mathematical and Computational Methods in the Sciences”, offers two doctoral scholarships with focus on “Archaeological Information Systems” and “Digital Cultural heritage”.

Within the framework of the research group we will look at discourses linked to changes of new possibilities in the use of digital methods in archeology. Opportunities and risks associated with big research data sets will be ascertained. This results in standardized workflows that serve further investigations. We work on a team with GIS and laser scan data (2D and 3D modeling) in cooperation with a research network of various institutions within a digital research infrastructure. And we also develop VREs (Virtual Research Environments) for specific digitalization workflows of sub-projects in archaeology.

The successful applicants’ primary task will be to complete a PhD degree, but active participation in relevant graduate courses offered at the Cluster of Excellence or other institutes at Heidelberg University is recommended. The stipends are rated at € 1200 to 1468/month. Access to travel and publication funding is available.

Candidates must hold an M.A. or equivalent in a relevant discipline of Pre- and Early History (“Ur- und Frühgeschichte”), Historical Sciences, GIScience /Geoinformatics, Landscape Archaeology and Geomatics or Archaeological Information Systems (“Archäoinformatik”) etc. and experience in archaeological fieldwork methods in Europe and/or Asian contexts. Proficiency in English is mandatory. German and French language skills are desirable. An interest in interdisciplinary collaboration is essential.

To apply, send curriculum vitae, academic transcripts, an outline of a dissertation project (2-3 pages) related to the research group, names and contact details of two referees, and one written sample (altogether in one PDF) via email to Dr. Armin Volkmann (armin.volkmann[at]asia-europe.uni-heidelberg.de). Stipend start should be in 2013, review of applications will continue until the positions are filled.

Heidelberg University is an equal opportunity/affirmative-action employer. In case of equality of qualification and suitability of applicants, the applications made by female researchers will be given preferential consideration. We also encourage and welcome applications from disabled persons.

For additional information see: http://www.asia-europe.uni-heidelberg.de/en

Semi-automatisierte Detektion von Bodendenkmälern in Airborne-Laserscandaten (LIDAR)

In den letzten Jahren sind durch systematische Befliegungen der Vermessungsämter der einzelnen Bundesländer hochauflösende Airborne-Laserscandaden (LIDAR) erhoben worden, aus denen sehr detaillierte 3-dimensionale Modelle der Geländeoberfläche (Geländemodelle) erstellt werden können.[1] Die Messpunktdichte liegt im wenigen Dezimeterbereich, sodass auch sehr kleinräumige Objekte unter einem Meter Größe dargestellt werden können. Diese Geländemodelle werden üblicherweise bisher meist in der Vermessungskunde, Kartografie, Bauleitplanung und den Hochwassermanagement eingesetzt. Für die Archäologie ist ihr Einsatz recht neu, wobei erste Projekte das hohe Erkenntnispotential verdeutlichen (vgl. Volkmann im Druck, 249-251). Das Innovative an LIDAR-Geländemodellen ist, dass durch die Verwendung des sogenannten „zweiten Meßsignals“ die Vegetationsbedeckung herausgerechnet werden kann (vgl. Opitz 2012, 16). So können bei der Interpolation der Geländemodelle auch kleinste Bodenerhebungen, als letzte Spuren von einstigen anthropogenen Bodeneingriffen, durch „Überhöhung“ sichtbar gemacht werden (vgl. Mark 1992). Dies ist beispielsweise von besonderer Relevanz in Waldgebieten, die aufgrund der störenden Vegetation der Bäume für klassische archäologische Prospektionsverfahren (systematische Oberflächenbegehungen), aber auch Geophysikalische Prospektionen nicht geeignet sind. In den Wäldern sind daher noch zahlreiche unbekannte Bodendenkmäler, die bisher nicht entdeckt wurden und so in archäologischen Studien nicht auswertbar sind. So ist anhand von mikroregionalen Studien, die eine Untersuchungsfläche systematisch und flächendeckend prospektierten, davon auszugehen, dass meist nur ca. 10% der Bodendenkmäler überhaupt bekannt sind. Die Dunkelziffer der zu 90% unbekannten Bodendenkmäler kann durch die systematische Anwendung von LIDAR erheblich gesenkt werden. Dies ist nicht nur für das Cultural Heritage des Management und die Erfassung des Weltkulturerbes der Denkmale ein Desiderat, sondern auch im Rahmen der Bauleitplanungen können so archäologische Verdachtsflächen präziser ausgewiesen werden, was eine größere Planungssicherheit für die Investoren ermöglicht. Für quantitative Untersuchungen der archäologischen Wissenschaften, ist es essentiell notwendig möglichst viele (im äußerst seltenen Idealfall alle) Bodendenkmäler einer Region zu kennen, um sich so der ehemaligen „prähistorischen Wirklichkeit“ annähern zu können. Dieses Forschungsfeld wird als Landschaftsarchäologie bezeichnet, innerhalb der komplexe, prähistorische Besiedlungsmuster des Verhältnisses von Burgen, Siedlungen, Wegenetze und Friedhöfe etc. zueinander analysiert werden.
In den Landesvermessungsämtern liegen mittlerweile gigantische Datenmengen an Airborne-Laserscandaten (LIDAR) vor. Um diese Datensätze für die oben genannten Fragestellungen effektiv und vor allem systematisch auswerten zu können, müssen Instrumentarien entwickelt werden, die dies in einem standardisierten Workflow erlauben (vgl. Hesse 2012, 176f.). Bisher sind die LIDAR-Daten meist nur im Einzelfall, oft ergänzend zu herkömmlichen archäologischen Ausgraben, eingesetzt worden. Dies sind dann aber nur Fallbeispiele, die zwar Rückschlüsse auf analoge Befunde erlauben, jedoch keine empirisch belegbaren Aussagen in quantitativen Studien zulassen.

[1] Siedlungsraumtransformationen der Spätantike bis zum Frühmittelalter am Main

R. Hesse, The changing picture of archaeological landscapes: lidar prospection over very large areas as part of a cultural heritage strategy. In: R.-S. Opitz/D.-C. Cowley (Ed.) Interpreting archaeological topography (2012) 171-183.
Z. Kokalj/K.Zaksek/K. Ostir, Visualisations of lidar derived relief models. In: S. R.-S. Opitz/D.-C. Cowley (Ed.) Interpreting archaeological topography (2012) 100-114.
H. Mara/S. Krömker/S. Jakob/B. Breuckmann, GigaMesh and Gilgamesh – 3D Multiscale Integral Invariant Cuneiform Character Extraction. In: A. Artusi/M. Joly-Parvex/G. Lucet/ A. Ribes/D. Pitzalis (Ed.), The 11th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2010). http://uni-heidelberg.academia.edu/HubertMara
R. Mark, Multidirectional, oblique-weighted, shaded-relief image of the Island of Hawaii http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1992/of92-422/
R.-S. Opitz, An overview of airborne and terrestrial laser scanning in archaeology. In: R.-S. Opitz/D.-C. Cowley (Ed.) Interpreting archaeological topography (2012) 100-114.
A. Volkmann, Siedlung – Klima – Migrationen: Geoarchäologische Forschungen zur Oderregion zwischen 700 vor und 1000 nach Chr. mit Schwerpunkt auf der Völkerwanderungszeit (Bonn 2013).

On the road towards a Digital Research Infrastructure for archaeologists

Digital data infrastructures for the arts and humanities are currently being developed within the framework of various projects in Germany and Europe. Among these projects, DARIAH (Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities) is one of the largest projects. And it is designed as a long-term project.[1] DARIAH focuses primarily on philology and history. But the project is open to other disciplines. So DARIAH is also conceptualizing a data infrastructure for archeology. The cooperation with other infrastructure projects (such as IANUS at the German Archaeological Institute – DAI) is a key component in the architecture of the digital data infrastructure for archaeologists.[2] Furthermore it should be taken into account the collaboration with the project CLARIN (Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure).[3] This data infrastructure project is geared to linguistic needs. Within the network of the different data infrastructure projects, DARIAH could be aimed to harmonize the national activities on the EU level. International data networks of archeology are desirable in related regions such as the North and Baltic Sea coast to go beyond existing administrative boundaries of research.

But what are the specific needs of archaeologists to a digital research data infrastructure? Is it even possible to implement a centralized research data infrastructure (that is accepted by the researchers) in the very heterogeneous landscape of archaeological sciences in Germany? Therefore, it seems very important right from the start of the project to involve as many partners as possible in the conception of the infrastructure. The structure of federal states in Germany did not enable the foundation of a national archaeological data service, such as in the Netherlands or the UK.[4] The political conditions are contrary to centralized efforts. Thus, a decentralized architecture of the data infrastructure represents a solution to the existing problem. The cooperative project with equal partners should bring together both: the research at the universities as well as at the national archives of administration. It makes mutually accessible the respective databases for all partners. Forthermore the DARIAH service will provide a redundant long-term binary data storage with sovereign rights of data privacy and security requirements.

[1] http://de.dariah.eu/partner

[2] http://www.ianus-fdz.de/projects/uebersicht

[3] http://www.clarin.eu/external/

[4] http://csanet.org/newsletter/fall12/nlf1202.html

How to identify climate signals within a GIS site catchment analysis

In the River Oder region, an abandonment of the settlements of the migration period has been identified. As the archaeological finding site analysis shows, the region was virtually uninhabited from 450 to 700 AD. Was an ecological crisis the reason for that exodus? Unfortunately, we have only very few scientific data sets from the German-Polish border region. So I had to find new ways to generate arguments and answer this question. By a systematic site catchment analysis I could find out signals of the paleoclimate. They are the evidence of dramatic climate fluctuations. And this is the biggest reason of the emigration of the inhabitants. At the same time the results of the site catchment analysis are the base for a predictive modeling with has clearly defined areas of high and low probabilities of finding sites.

In the context of the present study, an analysis in a GIS of sites from the Iron Age to the Early Middle Ages was applied to the River Oder Region. A site catchment analysis of the topographical setting, the soil and broader parameters was conducted as a GIS examination. In this the spatial data information in a probable operating radius around the respective settlements of the individual periods was collected and evaluated statistically. In this way, statistically significant climate proxies on the relative humidity index and temperature pattern of the paleoclimate could be demonstrated. Through the use of weighted average means it was possible to describe climate signals of the compared periods. The quantitative analysis of the data of more than 500 finding sites allows identifying significant signals. As a result I found out that at the end of the Iron Age and at the beginning of the migration period, dramatic climate fluctuations are recognized. The climate fluctuations are the main reason for emigration out of this region. In the migration period, and again at the end of the Iron Age, the region was virtually uninhabited for 250 years. The data from the site catchment analysis is in a next step the base for a predictive modeling with has clearly defined areas of high and low probabilities of finding sites.

A site catchment analysis of the topographical setting, the soil and broader parameters was conducted as a GIS examination, in which the spatial data information in a probable operating radius around the respective settlements of the individual periods was collected and evaluated statistically. In this way, statistically significant climate proxies on the relative humidity index and temperature pattern of the paleoclimate could be demonstrated. In addition, the deciding location factors of the soil and the geoecological environment of the settlement as well as distortionary anthropogenic and natural superimpositions were discussed. The ecological indicator values were rearranged into concise categories in a transformation process in consideration of their usability and informative value for matters concerning prehistoric, agronomically orientated cultures and checked for climate signals.  The identified climate signals do not represent absolute data, but rather indirect, relative data, which permit comparative statements concerning the previous and subsequent level.

With the use of comparative climate research, palynology, dendrochronology, the status of glaciers, river levels and models of paleotemperature, the climate signals that were produced in the context of the GIS environmental analysis could be verified. In this way, the probability and concision of the environmental analysis developed here and its particularly detailed chronological value were substantiated.

The final step of the GIS analysis is based on Voronoi diagrams of the sites mapped as prehistoric space models. They show concepts of space in time. In a cartographic reconstruction of settlement clusters, the relationship between the anthropogenically influenced agricultural area and extensive natural forest areas was visualised. These methods are a part for the predictive modeling to clarify for example the most interesting regions of the settlements in the migration period.


Auf dem Weg zu einer digitalen Dateninfrastruktur für die Archäologie

In Deutschland und Europa wird zurzeit im Rahmen von verschiedenen Projekten an digitalen Daten-Infrastrukturen für die Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften gearbeitet. Unter diesen Projekten ist DARIAH (Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities) eines der größeren und als Langzeitprojekt angelegt.[1] DARIAH fokussiert primär text- und geschichtswissenschaftliche Forschungen und ist aber für weitere Disziplinen offen. In diesem Rahmen wird auch eine Dateninfrastruktur für die Archäologie konzipiert. Dabei sind Kooperationen mit weiteren Infrastrukturprojekten, wie  beispielsweise IANUS am Deutschen Archäologischen Institut (DAI), ein wichtiger Baustein in der Architektur der digitalen Dateninfrastruktur für Archäologen.[2]  Aber auch die Zusammenarbeit mit CLARIN (Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure), einem Dateninfrastrukturprojekt, das mehr für sprachwissenschaftliche Bedürfnisse ausgerichtet ist, sollte mitberücksichtigt werden.[3] Durch die Vernetzung der einzelnen Daten-Infrastruktur-Projekte können zielgerichtet die nationalen Aktivitäten auch auf EU-Ebene harmonisiert werden. Wünschenswert wären dabei internationale Datenverbünde der Archäologie in Regionen, wie beispielsweise an der Nord- oder Ostseeküste, um Forschungen über bestehende administrative Grenzen hinweg besser zu ermöglichen. So können quantitative Studien in zusammenhängenden archäologischen Fundlandschaften erfolgen, die nicht durch administrative Grenzen beschränkt sind.

Doch was sind die spezifischen Bedürfnisse der Archäologen an eine digitale Forschungsdaten-Infrastruktur? Ist es überhaupt möglich in der sehr heterogenen Forschungslandschaft der archäologischen Wissenschaften in Deutschland eine zentralisierte Forschungsdaten-Infrastruktur umzusetzen, die akzeptiert wird? Daher erscheint es sehr wichtig gleich von Anfang an möglichst viele Partner auch schon in die Konzeption des Projektes mit einzubeziehen. Die föderale Bundesländerstruktur in Deutschland ermöglichte bisher keine Gründung eines nationalen archäologischen Datenservices, wie er z.B. in den Niederlanden oder UK existiert und die Forschungen beflügelt.[4] Die politischen Rahmenbedingungen stehen also zentralistischen Bemühungen entgegen. So könnte die dezentrale Architektur der Dateninfrastruktur eine Lösung des bestehenden Problems darstellen. Ein Forschungsverbund mit gleichberechtigten Partnern sollte sowohl die Forschungen an den Universitäten  als auch der Fundstellenarchive der Landesverwaltungen zusammenbringen und die jeweiligen Datenbestände gegenseitig zugänglich machen. In einer folgenden Erschließungsebene könnte dann der Zugang für externe Projektpartner und Datennutzer der Forschungsgemeinschaft ermöglicht werden.

Darüber hinaus entwickelt DARIAH einen Service der redundanten Datenlangzeitarchivierung mit gesicherten Datenrechten und einer abgesicherten Datenverfügbarkeit. Einen weiteren Service stellt die DARIAH Collection Registry dar, die weit verstreute, oft nur schwierig zugängliche Sammlungen zusammenbringt und damit erschließbar macht.[5] Zuletzt ist auch ein 4D-Geo-Browser entwickelt worden, der als vierte Dimension eine Zeitachse aufweist, was für geschichts- und altertumswissenschaftliche Disziplinen besonders interessant ist.[6]


9. Jahrestagung Arbeitskreis Geoarchäologie an der BTU Cottbus

Vom 2. bis 4. Mai 2013 findet an der BTU Cottbus die 9. Jahrestagung des Arbeitskreises Geoarchäologie statt. Die Anmeldung von Beiträgen und zur Teilnahme ist noch bis zum 1.2.2013 möglich. Anfang März 2013 wird dann das Vortragsprogramm feststehen und erscheinen. Die Region ist für Geo- und Landschaftsarchäologen besonders interessant, denn in dieser liegen die südbrandenburgischen Braunkohlentagebaue, denen einige Dörfer zum Opfer fielen. Jedoch sind die Orte und die umgebende Kulturlandschaft in den letzten Jahren intensiv untersucht worden, sodass zu diesem Themenbereich spannende Tagungsbeiträge zu erwarten sind. Des Weiteren besteht die Möglichkeit der Teilnahme an einer Exkursion in die Tagebaue, wo anhand zahlreicher Profile die Landschaftsgenese diskutiert wird.



Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12,000 Years: The Creation of Landscapes

Vom 15. bis 18. April 2013 findet in der Graduate School “Human Development in Landscapes” an der Universität Kiel ein internationaler Workshop zu “Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12,000 Years: The Creation of Landscapes III” statt, der auf zwei vorhergehende Veranstaltungen in den Jahren 2009 und 2011 beruht. Im Rahmen des Workshops werden Forscher aus den unterschiedlichen Disziplinen der archäologischen Wissenschaften zusammengebracht, um die Mensch-Umwelt-Interaktionen in der physischen und der sozio-politischen Landschaft zu untersuchen. Insgesamt 13 Sektionen beleuchten diese komplexen Fragestellungen in thematischen Einheiten, die von postglazialer Landschaftsentwicklung bis hin zum Datenmanagement digitaler Dokumentations- und Analyseverfahren reichen.


CAA-Workshop, Berlin 15./16. Februar 2013

Am 15./16. Februar 2013 findet im Excellenz-Cluster TOPOI der Freien Universität Berlin der vierte CAA-Workshop der AG Computeranwendungen und Quantitative Methoden in der Archäologie statt, die zur Teilnahme einlädt. Der CAA-Workshop gibt Vertretern der verschiedenen Disziplinen der Archäologie die Möglichkeit, fachspezifische Computeranwendungen und quantitative Methoden in den Altertumswissenschaften exemplarisch vorzustellen. Die Veranstaltung richtet sich explizit auch an Studierende und Doktoranden.